Rescuing a Coyote

a coyote looks straight into the camera against a wallA female coyote found in Cool, CA, was taken to Gold Country Wildlife Rescue after getting her head stuck in a plastic jar. The coyote was brought in to the rescue’s Wildlife Intake Center on February 5, 2018, after having been without food and with limited water for at least 10 days. She was severely emaciated and dehydrated, arriving with a weight of 15 lbs.

Gold Country Wildlife Rescue enlisted the guidance of Dr. Greg Frankfurter, a wildlife veterinarian from Davis, CA. He outlined a treatment plan that the staff carefully followed to avoid “refeeding syndrome” – a syndrome consisting of metabolic disturbances that occur as a result of reinstitution of nutrition to patients who are starved, severely malnourished, or metabolically stressed due to severe illness. Such patients cannot be allowed access to food and water, except in a very controlled fashion, or it could kill them. If the coyote were someone’s pet dog, she would have been put into ICU on IV fluids/nutrition and had her electrolytes checked every four hours. Obviously, this was not possible with a wild animal, so we checked her blood daily, and Dr. Greg adjusted her medications, fluids, and food accordingly. She tested positive for anaplasmosis, a tick-borne disease, and began treatment for that.

coyote laying on blankets in a crateShe was getting daily injections of Vitamin B and famotidine (Pepcid), as well as being treated for fleas/ticks, and she received an iron injection plus antibiotics. For the first few days, she could only have tiny amounts of an Emeraid Intensive Care Carnivore “smoothie” several times a day. Gradually, the rehabilitators added skinned, tailless mice (for ease of digestion). She was then transitioned to a more natural diet and oral medications. She was with the rehabilitation center for a few more weeks as she completed her treatments and regained the weight she had lost. As soon as she was stable, she was moved to an outdoor enclosure where she enjoyed the sunshine and lazing around getting fat prior to release! When Gold Country Wildlife Rescue was able to release her, she weighed 21 pounds, which was a 40% increase!

Gold Country Wildlife Rescue expresses its sincere appreciation to Dr. Frankfurter for donating his services and Animal Medical Center in Auburn, CA, for providing lab work and medications at greatly discounted rates. Thank you as well to Kent Jackson, DVM, and Mira Sanchez, DVM, for their help with this case.

Gold Country Wildlife Rescue would like to thank all the volunteers and staff who have gone the extra mile for this formerly unlucky coyote. For 10 days straight, people drove countless hours and hiked all over the Auburn Lake Trails and the surrounding area to try to locate the coyote with her head stuck in a plastic jar. Staff put in extra time and effort to provide the intensive care required during the first critical days after her capture. Everyone can feel good about the enormous effort that has been put into ending her suffering and helping her on her way to being a healthy coyote in the wild!



Swainson’s Hawk

Hawk standing on a branchThis hawk arrived at Alberta Institute for Wildlife Conservation on August 18, 2017, with a right clavicle fracture and severe emaciation, weighing in at 710 grams.

A number of these hawks presented to the clinic late summer and early fall during their migration. They were mostly juveniles who were not doing very well, and these birds have a huge migration route that takes them as far south as Argentina in South America.

He was treated with pain medication for the fracture and given our emaciation protocol for raptors, which is comprised of Emeraid Intensive Care Carnivore. The first day, the Emeraid was tube fed four times throughout the day at a very diluted concentration (1:4). The concentration was increased every subsequent day, with the goal that the bird’s gastrointestinal could start to function normally and not be overwhelmed with the nutrition. Once on the full dose of Emeraid Intensive Care Carnivore for a few days, he was then introduced to clean meat — meaning no bones, fur or feathers —and eventually, he was allowed to eat on his own.

He was released on October 5, about 1.5 months after admission, and weighed 1.2 kilograms.

A Note from Costa Rica

scarlet macaw with bandaged wing on a perchWe recently received the following message from Ana Maria Torres Mejía, the director of ASOMACAO, an NGO devoted to rescuing, breeding, and releasing scarlet macaws in the South Pacific of Costa Rica.

Dr. Lafeber,

I want to thank you for the kind donation of Emeraid that Dr. Marla brought down to Costa Rica for our macaw project. I tried the Emeraid on a rescued fledgling scarlet macaw and he loved it and is recovering nicely from his injuries.

Best Regards,

Ana Maria Torres Mejía, MSc

Keeled-Box Turtles at Cuc Phuong National Park in Vietnam

The following two cases came to us from the Cuc Phuong National Park in Vietnam via the Bristol Zoo.

Keeled-box turtle (Cuora mouhotii) #340: We received this little turtle from a pet keeper in summer 2017. He was underweight at 129g and not eating well on his own. We performed a health assessment, a de-worm treatment, and provided thorough care, including fluids and Emeraid Intensive Care Omnivore food, to support him for one month until he started eating again. The turtle’s weight increased to 150g by mid-October 2017. In April 2018, with his weight at 180g, he is more active and happier.

Two hands: a turtle in one hand, a sachet of Emeraid IC Omnivore in the other hand
Cuora mouhotii #340

Keeled box turtle (Cuora mouhotii) #323: We found the animal with an injury on her hind right limb in an enclosure in mid-November 2017. She was moved to a veterinary room and provided with treatment as well as supportive care containing vitamin B complex, fluids, and Emeraid Intensive Care Omnivore. At the moment, her wound appears to be almost completely healed up. She ate on her own recently and has gained weight from 659g in November 2017 to 700g in January 2018. She is healthy and, on April 20, 2018, she is weighing in at 765g.

Turtle in the grass next to a sachet of Emeraid IC Omnivore
Cuora mouhotii #323

Eastern Cottontail Rabbit

A rabbit sitting hay eating some greens.On July 18, 2017, Cummington Wildlife Inc., of Cummington, Massachusetts, received a juvenile Eastern cottontail rabbit. The rabbit had been caught by a cat, but luckily did not suffer any life-threatening injuries. However, the frightened rabbit did not want to eat in captivity. This is not uncommon for the “jumpy juvie” Eastern cottontail.

A trick that has been successful in the past is to tube feed the rabbit with hydration fluid and the Emeraid Intensive Care Herbivore. The feeling of fullness in the rabbit’s stomach appears to help it overcome fear and begin self-feeding. This occurred very quickly in the cottontail, who began self-feeding the following day. After completing an antibiotic treatment for wounds suffered from the cat, this rabbit was able to be released back into the wild.

Posted on May 10, 2018

American White Pelican

American White Pelican standing inside the rehabilitation center
American White Pelican

American White Pelicans are rarely brought to the Clinic for the Rehabilitation of Wildlife (CROW), but when one was found and unable to move, it was brought to CROW. The veterinarians determined it was most likely suffering from red tide toxicity due to its symptoms of depressed mentality and generalized weakness, however, the bird was alert and in good body condition.

The plan for this white pelican included supportive care while it regained muscle mass and flushed toxins out of its system. Upon intake, this patient weighed 5.85 kilograms, a weight in the middle range for a healthy adult. For many red tide patients, Emeraid Intensive Care Piscivore is used for the first couple days to help the patients get calories while they are too weak to stand or eat on their own, which was exactly the protocol used for this white pelican.

While the pelican was re-energizing, using Emeraid Intensive Care Piscivore helped to maintain body weight until the patient was eating herring on its own. Once this patient was standing, bright, alert, and eating well, it was moved to an outside enclosure for test flights. The white pelican took a couple days to fly, but once it started, it didn’t stop. This American White Pelican was released and joined a flock of its species.

Posted on April 26, 2018

An American Mink

A mink resting its head and looking straight into the cameraA young American Mink arrived at the Gold Country Wildlife intake center after having been orphaned at 16 weeks of age. The mink was found in Rocklin, California and came in at an intake weight of 438g. It was sick, underweight, and needed to improve its body condition.

The mink was fed only Emeraid Intensive Care Carnivore for 3-4 days, followed by slowly adding other foods into its diet until it was on a completely wild diet. The mink did well, gained weight, and began to have lots of energy.

During its rehabilitation, another young mink came in that was able to become its companion. They played and learned how to test out their agility together, staying in a large outdoor enclosure until they were ready for release.

Posted on April 12, 2018

Rehabilitating Four Hooded Merganser Ducklings

four merganser ducklings in a tub of water
The four hooded merganser ducklings soaking in a bath.

On May 28, 2017, Cummington Wildlife, of Cummington, Massachusetts, received four hooded merganser ducklings that were about 1 week old. The ducklings were thin and dehydrated, only weighing 65 to 70 grams.

After warming up the ducklings, they were given an electrolyte solution, followed by another helping 1.5 hours later. The next step was tube feeding the ducklings approximately 3.5 ml of Emeraid Intensive Care Omnivore three times within the first day. They responded well to the formula and rehydration process.

The hooded mergansers began self-feeding after the first day and no further tube feeding was required. These ducklings were successfully rehabilitated and released by Cummington Wildlife at the end of the summer.

Posted on April 4, 2018

Healing an Eastern Gray Squirrel After Hurricane Irma

eastern gray squirrel eating
The Eastern gray squirrel eating in its cage.

On September 11, 2017, Deanna Epps, a registered wildlife rehabilitator in Waxhaw, North Carolina, received a female Eastern gray squirrel that had fallen out of a tree during Hurricane Irma. She came in very lethargic, cold, and covered in a very thick clay mud from head to tail. She was washed in warm water to get all of the mud off, but was also sneezing with a runny nose, and she had some blood in her nostrils. After being placed in an incubator and warmed, her weight was at 194g. With a dose of antibiotics and proper fluids, she went back into the incubator for the night.

The next morning, she was fed a diluted formula, but was still lethargic and not wanting to eat anything. With more fluids, a heating pad, and some rest, Epps tried to feed her again later, but she would not eat enough to sustain herself. Epps decided to prepare the Emeraid Intensive Care Omnivore (as directed) and began feeding the small squirrel. She was still only taking a little bit at a time, but she was able to get the good nutrients that Emeraid provides.

Two days later, on September 13th, the small squirrel’s weight fell to 182g. Epps continued with the subcutaneous (SQ) fluids and antibiotic (as directed) plus several small feedings of Emeraid. The squirrel remained slightly weak, and although not lethargic anymore, it was feared that the Eastern gray squirrel was not going to make it. The next day, she continued to lose weight, but Epps was diligent with feeding the Emeraid Intensive Care Omnivore. The tiny squirrel showed some more energy. With small feedings three times a day, plus SQ fluids, the Eastern gray squirrel began to gain her energy, her appetite, and her weight back. By September 17th, she was weighing 190g and had enough energy to play with a friend. After a full rehabilitation period, the Eastern gray squirrel was released on October 4, 2017.

Posted on March 28, 2018

Saving an Osprey

A young osprey perches on a man's gloved hand.A young male Osprey came into Altons’ Keep Wildbird Rescue and Rehabilitation Center, Inc in Suffolk, Virginia this summer and was starving. He had never learned to fly due to becoming infested with parasites in the nest that had attached to his primary flight feathers and prevented them from developing.

In order to save his life, he was fed Harley’s Famous “Biscuits and Gravy” (biscuits being fresh chopped fish and gravy being a thick mix of Emeraid Intensive Care Piscivore). After stabilizing and gaining some weight, he was given a new set of complete primary flight feathers. He knew right away that he could fly and was so excited. He jumped onto Harley’s glove, stood up, and flapped his new wings.

He was released several weeks later after learning to fly.

As told by Harley T. White (CWR / State & Federal Permitted / Certified Wildlife Rehabilitator / Co-Director, Altons’ Keep / Life Member Disabled Veterans Of America / Life Member Marine Corps League / Life Member Veterans of Foreign Wars / Member PGR, VFW Riders)

Two ospreys sitting on a perch.

Posted on March 20, 2018